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Introduction

Latin America and the Caribbean is a land of migration. From the outset, migratory movements have marked the societies of the region, and continue to do so today. The current picture is a complex one. International migration from this region accounts for nearly 13 percent of total world migrants and a considerable share of the flows to North America and Europe; moreover, a series of opportunities and challenges are clearly associated with it.

This paper will briefly examine international migration patterns and trends in Latin America and the Caribbean since the second half of the century, and will look at its principal characteristics, such as the significant participation of women, the prevalence of skilled migration, and the occupational distribution of immigrant employment in the Americas