International migration is one of the key topics on the policy agenda worldwide. Globalisation, income disparities between countries, demographic and economic imbalances – have all contributed to the increased migration movements over the past twenty years, bringing people many benefits, but also posing challenges to governments in many countries.
One of the essential elements in furthering an understanding and managing of international migration is reliable, cross-country, comparable data and a regular monitoring of movements and policies.
We are therefore especially pleased to present this first report on InternationalMigration in the Americas of the Continuous Reporting System on International Migration in the Americas (SICREMI, its acronym in Spanish). This initiative aims to contribute to the monitoring of international migration movements in the region through rigorous and up-to-date information on migration flows. It also covers the principal policies and programs which the governments of the hemisphere direct towards an ever-growing migrant population, both in the countries of the Americas themselves and in the countries of destination to their emigrants.
This publication has been developed in collaboration with the Organisation for Economic Co- operation and Development (OECD). The SICREMI is modelled on the OECD’s Continuous Reporting System on Migration (SOPEMI, its acronym in French) established in 1973, which provides an information exchange mechanism to its Member countries through a network of national level correspondents which meets annually. The correspondents are appointed jointly by the OECD and the governments of their countries and are supported by the key institutions involved in the production of migration information in the countries. The information collected is updated on an annual basis, where possible, and is based on data from administrative re- cords in countries and from sample surveys and censuses. It has been systematised and har- monised, to the extent possible, according to criteria specified in the report.
The publication will evolve over time, incorporating more and more countries in America and will include in future years, an annual review of developments in migration policies. Its continu- ation requires the active support of the governments of the region.
We hope that this first effort responds to the increasing demand for migration information and analysis by the countries of the region.