Major Trends

The main feature of migration in the region is the large number of emigrants. In fact, according to estimates in early 2000, which can be expected to remain stable in relative terms, immigrants accounted for 1% of the regional population, while emigrants represented 4% of it. In other words, for every immigrant, there were four emigrants. And although the destinations of emigrants have widened and diversified geographically, Argentina, Costa Rica, and Venezuela remain traditional destinations within the Latin American and Caribbean region, while other countries have become a combination of source, receiving, and transit countries (Martínez, 2008).