El Salvador - Human Rights

El Salvador recognises the human person as the origin and purpose of the State’s activity that is organised for the attainment of justice, legal security, and the common good. Consequently, it is an obligation of the State to ensure to the inhabitants of the Republic the enjoyment of freedom, health, culture, economic well-being, and social justice.

The Constitution establishes in its Article 3 that all persons are equal before the law, and that for the enjoyment of civil rights restrictions based on differences of nationality, race, sex, or religion cannot be established.

On matters of Human Rights, Legislative Decree Nº 183 of February 20, 1992, the Ombudsman Office for the Defence of Human Rights Act (Ley de la Procuraduría para la Defensa de los Derechos Humanos), establishes the creation, organisation, powers, and functions of the Ombudsman Office in agreement with Articles 191, 192 and 194 of the Constitution, and creates the institutional figure of Ombudsman for the Defence of Human Rights.

The Ombudsman for the Defence of Human Rights has among its powers to: promote the signing, ratification or adherence to international treaties on human rights; issue public censure resolutions against those materially or intellectually responsible for violations of human rights; seek conciliation between persons whose rights have been violated and the authorities or officer indicated as alleged responsible, when the nature of the case allows it; create, foster and develop communication and cooperation partnerships with organisations that promote and defend human rights, governmental, inter-governmental, and non-governmental organisations, both national and international, and with various sectors of national life, among others.