Argentina continues to be the country in Latin America with the highest level of immigration. In 2013, Argentina was a destination for nearly 140,000 permanent immigrants and approximately the same number of temporary immigrants. From 2010 to 2013, these figures increased some 45% and 70%, respectively.
In 2013, the foreign-born population represented 4.5% of the total Argentine population, unchanged since 2010. This continues to be among the largest immigrant population in relative terms in the Latin American region.
Regarding emigration, the year 2012 saw the departure of approximately 34 thousand Argentine nationals for OECD countries and other countries of the region, a figure that has fallen some 17% since 2009, particularly to Spain (-52%), Mexico (-23%) and the United States (-21%), while movements to Chile showed an increase (18%).
For the period 2012-2013, the situation of Argentine emigrants in the labor market of OECD countries generally deteriorated relative to the period 2010-2011, and more among women than men. While the overall participation rate decreased somewhat, unemployment increased by nearly 2 percentage points. For women, it increased by around 3 percentage points, but among men by less than 1.
Regarding remittances, Argentina received 1.08 billion dollars in 2013, an increase of some 8.8% compared to 2012. Remittances represent less than two tenths of one percent of the country’s Gross Domestic Product.
For the year 2013, Argentina received 612 asylum requests, mostly from Syria, Cuba and Colombia. From 2012 to 2013, the number of applicants decreased some 58%. Today, Argentina has 3,295 refugees, mainly from Peru, Colombia and Cuba.
On the policy side, Immigration Mobile Offices have been created and the Territorial Engagement Programme (“Programa de Abordaje Territorial”) implemented, providing a one-stop shop to facilitate regularization procedures all over Argentina.
Under the Syria Programme, effective until October 2015, the Republic offers a humanitarian visa to people of Syrian nationality and their families, as well as to people of Palestine nationality residing in Syria and having received assistance from the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees (UNRWA). Beneficiaries will obtain an entry visa into the country that will allow them temporary residence for a term of two years, renewable for one more year. At the end of three years of residence in the country, these immigrants may request permanent residence in accordance with Argentine Law.
The process of regularizing the presence of foreigners of Dominican and Senegalese nationality began in 2013. Procedures were initiated for 1,732 Senegalese and 2,207 Dominicans, with approximately 90% of applications being accepted. In 2014, similar provisions were introduced for regularizing foreigners of Korean nationality.
Also in 2013, use of biometrics - such as the collection of fingerprints - for registering data and for identification purposes was expanded to all airports in the country.
Regarding the planned return of Argentine emigrants, the Ministry of Science, Technology and Productive Innovation has continued to implement the Roots Programme (“Programa Raíces”), which offers mechanisms to connect Argentine scientists and experts abroad to their peers in Argentina through a network that promotes collaborative work, so they may contribute to scientific development in the country, either from abroad or upon return to the country. An extension of the RAICES Programme, the “Back to Work” Programme (“Programa ‘Volver a Trabajar’”) is still in effect; its main objective is to disseminate job opportunities to Argentine emigrants with the aim of matching them with companies potentially interested in hiring them.
Recent trends in migrant’s flows and stocks and in labor market outcomes of emigrants
|Migration inflows (foreign nationals)||Persons||Per 1000 inhabitants||Percent change|
|Permanent migration inflows (foreign nationals) by type||Persons||% distribution|
|Temporary migration inflows (foreign nationals) by type||Persons||% distribution|
|Migration outflows (nationals)||Persons||% of total||% change|
|From unstandardised destination country data||2009||2010||2011||2012||2012||2012/2009|
|Asylum seekers and refugees||Per million inhabitants||Number of persons|
|Inflows of asylum seekers||19.715658592163||21.385391317551||35.704787559313||14.814369436499||22.905051726381||614|
|Refugees resident in the country||81.141328577798||82.521584636381||84.893182690446||81.117117337961||82.418303310646||3362|
|Foreign-born population||Percentage of the total population||Persons||% change|
|Remittances||Millions of dollars||% of GDP||% change|
|Macroeconomic indicators||Annual growth in %||Average annual growth||Level|
|GDP/per capita ((PPP ) in constant 2011 international dollars)||na||na||na||na||na||na|
|Labour market outcomes of emigrants in Europe and the United States||Percentages|
 Approved by Decree DNM N°3915/2014.
 Article 22 section c) of Law Nº 25.871 and its Regulatory Decree.
 Provision DNM No.1 and Provision DNM No.2 respectively
 Decree DNM No. 979