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Argentina

Argentina continues to be the country in Latin America with the highest level of immigration. In 2013, Argentina was a destination for nearly 140,000 permanent immigrants and approximately the same number of temporary immigrants. From 2010 to 2013, these figures increased some 45% and 70%, respectively.

In 2013, the foreign-born population represented 4.5% of the total Argentine population, unchanged since 2010. This continues to be among the largest immigrant population in relative terms in the Latin American region.

Regarding emigration, the year 2012 saw the departure of approximately 34 thousand Argentine nationals for OECD countries and other countries of the region, a figure that has fallen some 17% since 2009, particularly to Spain (-52%), Mexico (-23%) and the United States (-21%), while movements to Chile showed an increase (18%).

For the period 2012-2013, the situation of Argentine emigrants in the labor market of OECD countries generally deteriorated relative to the period 2010-2011, and more among women than men. While the overall participation rate decreased somewhat, unemployment increased by nearly 2 percentage points. For women, it increased by around 3 percentage points, but among men by less than 1.

Regarding remittances, Argentina received 1.08 billion dollars in 2013, an increase of some 8.8% compared to 2012. Remittances represent less than two tenths of one percent of the country’s Gross Domestic Product.

For the year 2013, Argentina received 612 asylum requests, mostly from Syria, Cuba and Colombia. From 2012 to 2013, the number of applicants decreased some 58%. Today, Argentina has 3,295 refugees, mainly from Peru, Colombia and Cuba.

On the policy side, Immigration Mobile Offices have been created and the Territorial Engagement Programme (“Programa de Abordaje Territorial”) implemented, providing a one-stop shop to facilitate regularization procedures all over Argentina.

Under the Syria Programme[1], effective until October 2015, the Republic offers a humanitarian visa to people of Syrian nationality and their families, as well as to people of Palestine nationality residing in Syria and having received assistance from the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees (UNRWA). Beneficiaries will obtain an entry visa into the country that will allow them temporary residence for a term of two years, renewable for one more year. At the end of three years of residence in the country, these immigrants may request permanent residence in accordance with Argentine Law.[2]

The process of regularizing the presence of foreigners of Dominican and Senegalese nationality began in 2013.[3] Procedures were initiated for 1,732 Senegalese and 2,207 Dominicans, with approximately 90% of applications being accepted. In 2014, similar provisions were introduced for regularizing foreigners of Korean nationality.[4]

Also in 2013, use of biometrics - such as the collection of fingerprints -  for registering data and for identification purposes was expanded to all airports in the country.

Regarding the planned return of Argentine emigrants, the Ministry of Science, Technology and Productive Innovation has continued to implement the Roots Programme (“Programa Raíces”), which offers mechanisms to connect Argentine scientists and experts abroad to their peers in Argentina through a network that promotes collaborative work, so they may contribute to scientific development in the country, either from abroad or upon return to the country. An extension of the RAICES Programme, the “Back to Work” Programme (“Programa ‘Volver a Trabajar’”) is still in effect; its main objective is to  disseminate job opportunities to Argentine emigrants with the aim of matching them with companies potentially interested in hiring them.

Recent trends in migrant’s flows and stocks and in labor market outcomes of emigrants

Argentina
Migration inflows (foreign nationals) Persons Per 1000 inhabitants Percent change
  2010 2011 2012 2013 2013 2013/2010
Permanent 96072 129330 126672 139258 3.3599665455829 44.9517028895
Temporary 82076 129863 164755 139411 3.3636580741233 69.855987133876
Permanent migration inflows (foreign nationals) by type Persons   % distribution      
  2010 2013 2010 2013    
Family 40896 59057 42.568073944542 42.40833560729    
International agreements 52620 77711 54.771421433925 55.803616309296    
Other 2556 2490 2.6605046215338 1.7880480834135    
Total 96072 139258 100 100    
Temporary migration inflows (foreign nationals) by type Persons   % distribution      
  2010 2013 2010 2013    
Family 1792 2355 2.1833422681417 1.6892497722561    
Humanitarian 128 235 0.15595301915298 0.1685663254693    
International agreements 74124 130480 90.311418685121 93.593762328654    
Study 1149 1613 1.3999220234904 1.1570105658807    
Work 3646 3834 4.4422242799357 2.7501416674437    
Other 1237 894 1.5071397241581 0.64126934029596    
Total 82076 139411 100 100    
Migration outflows (nationals) Persons       % of total % change
            outflows
From unstandardised destination country data 2009 2010 2011 2012 2012 2012/2009
All countries 41063 36215 34842 33993 100 -17.217446362906
United States 15914 12783 13475 12550 36.919365751772 -21.138620082946
Chile 3851 3806 3849 4554 13.396875827376 18.254998701636
Spain 9240 7567 6274 4429 13.029153060924 -52.0670995671
Mexico 3114 3082 2440 2413 7.0985202835878 -22.511239563263
Asylum seekers and refugees Per million inhabitants         Number of persons
          Average 2010-2013  
  2010 2011 2012 2013   2013
Inflows of asylum seekers 19.715658592163 21.385391317551 35.704787559313 14.814369436499 22.905051726381 614
Refugees resident in the country 81.141328577798 82.521584636381 84.893182690446 81.117117337961 82.418303310646 3362
Foreign-born population Percentage of the total population       Persons % change
          (thousands)  
  1990 2000 2010 2013 2013 2013/2010
  5.0572425199251 4.1736883278563 4.473044485016 4.5496955261039 1885.678 1.7136212560516
Remittances Millions of dollars       % of GDP % change
  2010 2011 2012 2013 2013 2013/2010
  886 1011 991 1078 0.3 21.670428893905
Macroeconomic indicators Annual growth in %       Average annual growth Level
  2010 2011 2012 2013 2010-2013 2013
Real GDP 9.1362420236782 8.5549127582693 0.94619715497146 2.9252725363438 5.3906561183157 -
GDP/per capita ((PPP ) in constant 2011 international dollars) na na na na na na
Labour market outcomes of emigrants in Europe and the United States Percentages          
  Men   Women   Total  
  2010-11 2012-13 2010-11 2012-13 2010-11 2012-13
Participation rate 85.97142 82.98949 70.36456 70.96159 78.34377 76.8359
Employment rate 71.9437 68.72492 58.44909 57.08342 65.34838 62.76902
Unemployment rate 16.31672 17.1884 16.93391 19.5573 16.58764 18.3077


[1] Approved by Decree DNM N°3915/2014.

[2] Article 22 section c) of Law Nº 25.871 and its Regulatory Decree.

[3] Provision DNM No.1 and Provision DNM No.2 respectively

[4] Decree DNM No. 979