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Barbados

Since 2010, the number of immigrants to Barbados has increased considerably; there were four times more permanent immigrants in 2013 than in 2010, while the number of temporary immigrants doubled.

In 2013, the foreign-born population represented 11.3 percent of the total population, with the number of foreign-born persons having increased by  almost 5 percent since 2010. Vincentians and Saint Lucians account for almost 30 percent of the foreign-born population residing in Barbados.

Migration outflows to OECD countries and to Latin American countries have decreased slightly since 2009. In 2013, the United States was the most important destination country for Barbadians, with more than half of emigration occurring to that country, closely followed by Canada with 44 percent. However, during the 2009-2012 period, migration to these two countries declined.  

Both the participation rate and the employment rate of Barbadians in Europe and the United States have declined significantly from 2010-2011 to 2012-2013, the former by 8 percentage points, the latter by more than 4. The situation of men has deteriorated seriously (falls of 14 and 11 percentage points in the participation and employment rates, respectively), while the evolution of the labor market situation of women has been mixed, with the participation rate declining somewhat but the employment rate actually increasing over the same period.

According to the World Bank, personal remittances inflows from 2009 to 2010 have deteriorated. In 2009, Barbados received 114 million US dollars in remittances while in 2010 the amount was 82 million US dollars. Remittances outflows decreased as well, albeit at a slower pace. For the same period, the amount was 10 percent smaller in 2011 in comparison to 2009.[1]

The Constitution of Barbados, the Immigration Act (1976) and the Barbados Citizenship Act (1966) continue to be the principal legal framework for immigration to Barbados. There have been no major changes in the national legal framework in recent years.

In 2014, Barbados signed a visa waiver agreement with El Salvador. Salvadorian citizens, officials and diplomatic personnel can come to Barbados without a visa and without the pre-approval process that was part of the visa application. The agreement on visa waiver aims to promote commercial exchanges, tourism and investment between the two countries.

During the same year, Barbados signed a Mutual Visa Abolition Agreement with China. The agreement exempts visa requirements for entry or transit, facilitating the exchange of visits between the two countries. 

Recent trends in migrant’s flows and stocks and in labor market outcomes of emigrants

 

  Barbados
Migration inflows (foreign nationals) Persons Per 1000 inhabitants Percent change
  2010 2011 2012 2013 2013 2013/2010
Permanent 336 418 417 1278 4.489818861455 280.35714285714
Temporary 6010 6598 6945 12002 42.164949902334 99.700499168053
Permanent migration inflows (foreign nationals) by type Persons   % distribution      
  2010 2013 2010 2013    
Family 58 0 17.261904761905 0    
Work 108 301 32.142857142857 23.552425665102    
Other 170 977 50.595238095238 76.447574334898    
Total 336 1278 100 100    
Temporary migration inflows (foreign nationals) by type Persons   % distribution      
  2010 2013 2010 2013    
Study 2458 5086 40.89850249584 42.376270621563    
Work 3535 6637 58.818635607321 55.299116813864    
Other 17 279 0.2828618968386 2.3246125645726    
Total 6010 12002 100 100    
Migration outflows (nationals) Persons       % of total % change
            outflows
From unstandardised destination country data 2009 2010 2011 2012 2012 2012/2009
All countries 1695 1396 1517 1578 100 -6.9026548672566
United States 1105 786 797 819 51.901140684411 -25.882352941176
Canada 528 560 660 700 44.359949302915 32.575757575758
Germany 9 5 8 11 0.69708491761724 22.222222222222
Japan 8 9 12 10 0.63371356147022 25
Asylum seekers and refugees Per million inhabitants         Number of persons
          Average 2010-2013  
  2010 2011 2012 2013   2013
Inflows of asylum seekers 0 0 0 7.0263205969562 1.756580149239 2
Refugees resident in the country 0 0 0 3.5131602984781 1 1
Components of population growth Per 1000 inhabitants          
  1985-1990 1990-1995 1995-2000 2000-2005 2005-2010  
Total 3.88 2.93 3.04 4.72 4.93  
Natural increase 6.451 5.772 4.091 3.24 3.488  
Net migration -2.571 -2.842 -1.051 1.48 1.442  
Foreign-born population Percentage of the total population       Persons % change
          (thousands)  
  1990 2000 2010 2013 2013 2013/2010
  8.2487583675232 9.1728732362738 10.836103225438 11.340481443487 32.28 4.6546088345203
Remittances Millions of dollars       % of GDP % change
  2010 2011 2012 2013 2013 2013/2010
  82 82 82 82 .. 0
Macroeconomic indicators Annual growth in %       Average annual growth Level
  2010 2011 2012 2013 2010-2013 2013
Real GDP 0.25347352609835 0.75849798670298 na na 0.5 -
GDP/per capita ((PPP ) in constant 2011 international dollars) -0.24351048295047 0.25507019587945 -0.5 na -0.2 15299
Labour market outcomes of emigrants in Europe and the United States Percentages          
  Men   Women   Total  
  2010-11 2012-13 2010-11 2012-13 2010-11 2012-13
Participation rate 90.32615 76.06017 81.33412 77.85806 85.02361 77.00629
Employment rate 77.104 66.19424 72.94323 74.2746 74.65043 70.44644
Unemployment rate nr nr nr nr nr nr


[1] Source: World Bank staff calculation based on data from IMF Balance of Payments Statistics. There is no updated data available on the personal remittances received during the 2011-2014 period.