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Guatemala

Immigration in Guatemala has more than doubled since 2010. In 2013, Guatemala received more than a thousand permanent immigrants and double that number of temporary immigrants.

The foreign-born population – of 73,000 – accounted for only 0.5% of the total population of Guatemala in 2013, the same proportion as in the year 2000.

Emigration flows from Guatemala decreased some 8 percent between 2009 and 2012. In addition, changes were observed in Guatemalans’ main destination countries. While most still went to the United States, movements to Canada have shown a growing trend (22%), while flows to Mexico and Spain have considerably decreased (61% and 21%, respectively).

The total unemployment rate of Guatemalan expatriates decreased slightly from 2010-2011 to 2012-2013, reaching 8.6% from 10.5%, reflecting declines of about the same magnitude among both men and women.  

Guatemala is the largest receiver of remittances in Central America at 5.1 billion dollars in 2013. Since 2010, remittances to Guatemala have grown continuously, registering an increase of almost 7% between 2012 and 2013.

Over 50 thousand Guatemalan emigrants to the United States returned in 2013, according to statistics from the General Office of Migration.  From Mexico, almost 30 thousand emigrants returned. Altogether these returns showed a marginal increase of less than a percentage point, compared with the year 2012. 

The number of asylum requests in Guatemala is very low, at only 48 in 2013, and come mainly from El Salvador, India and Bangladesh. In 2013, the country housed 154 refugees, mostly from the neighbouring countries of Nicaragua, El Salvador and Honduras.

In 2007, the “Agreement on the Creation of the Single Central American Visa for Free Movement of Foreigners among the Republics of El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua” was approved. It creates the CA-4 visa, allowing stay and free circulation of foreigners for tourist purposes in the territory of the respective states for 90 days.

Recent trends in migrant’s flows and stocks and in labor market outcomes of emigrants

 

Guatemala
Migration inflows (foreign nationals) Persons Per 1000 inhabitants Percent change
  2010 2011 2012 2013 2013 2013/2010
Permanent 636 1687 1396 1357 0.087728354741659 113.36477987421
Temporary 821 2514 2167 2266 0.14649406915593 176.00487210719
Permanent migration inflows (foreign nationals) by type Persons   % distribution      
  2010 2013 2010 2013    
Total 636 1357 100 100    
Temporary migration inflows (foreign nationals) by type Persons   % distribution      
  2010 2013 2010 2013    
Total 821 2266 100 100    
Migration outflows (nationals) Persons       % of total % change
            outflows
From unstandardised destination country data 2009 2010 2011 2012 2012 2012/2009
All countries 26017 25151 25316 23984 100 -7.8141215359188
United States 16851 15449 16316 15192 63.342228152101 -9.8451130496706
Canada 4438 4940 5070 5400 22.515010006671 21.676430824696
Mexico 2559 2355 1634 996 4.1527685123416 -61.078546307151
Spain 842 867 866 663 2.7643428952635 -21.25890736342
Asylum seekers and refugees Per million inhabitants         Number of persons
          Average 2010-2013  
  2010 2011 2012 2013   2013
Inflows of asylum seekers 1.0458792358109 1.4279324530832 1.1934099109113 3.1031400350771 1.6925904087206 48
Refugees resident in the country 9.6220889694603 9.9955271715827 10.541787546383 10.343800116924 10.125800951087 160
Components of population growth Per 1000 inhabitants          
  1985-1990 1990-1995 1995-2000 2000-2005 2005-2010  
Total 23.12 23.2 23.06 24.73 24.64  
Natural increase 30.231 30.805 30.4 29.723 27.574  
Net migration -7.111 -7.605 -7.34 -4.993 -2.934  
Foreign-born population Percentage of the total population       Persons % change
          (thousands)  
  1990 2000 2010 2013 2013 2013/2010
  2.9724096824763 0.42947352787794 0.46287799890333 0.4704101698174 72.764 1.627247553765
Remittances Millions of dollars       % of GDP % change
  2010 2011 2012 2013 2013 2013/2010
  4127 4377 4782 5104 11.3 23.673370487037
Macroeconomic indicators Annual growth in %       Average annual growth Level
  2010 2011 2012 2013 2010-2013 2013
Real GDP 2.8694877371277 4.1620489461922 2.9698574268845 3.6800419505822 3.4203590151966 -
GDP/per capita ((PPP ) in constant 2011 international dollars) 0.3 1.6 0.4 1.1 0.93354665406223 7063
Labour market outcomes of emigrants in Europe and the United States Percentages          
  Men   Women   Total  
  2010-11 2012-13 2010-11 2012-13 2010-11 2012-13
Participation rate 90.08074 90.23692 62.51232 64.37516 79.08131 80.0794
Employment rate 82.16474 83.96967 53.62992 56.48361 70.77973 73.17418
Unemployment rate 8.787676 6.945337 14.20903 12.25869 10.49753 8.622965