Immigration in Paraguay is characterised by a very high percentage of permanent immigrants, over 85% on average from 2008 to 2013. This is about double the percentage one finds on average for countries of the Americas.
Between 2009 and 2012, outflows of Paraguayan emigrants towards OECD member countries and Latin America increased some 30%. Most Paraguayan emigrants went to neighbouring Argentina, which received 92% of them in 2012. Since 2009, the number of Paraguayans who emigrated to Bolivia has increased by more than 250%.
In the period covered by the report, Paraguay has received very few asylum requests. In the year 2013, only 3 requests were received, and in the previous year, 10 requests were submitted. There were 136 refugees residing in the country in 2013.
The labor market situation of Paraguayans in the United States and Europe has suffered significant changes. While employment decreased by almost 20 percentage points for men, women’s employment saw an increase, albeit small, of almost 2.5 percentage points.
Paraguay received 743 million dollars in remittances in 2013, a figure 12.5% lower than the amount received the previous year. This is the largest reduction in remittances among Latin American countries since 2012.
With the economic crisis in Europe, many Latin Americans have undertaken to return to their home countries, and Paraguay is no exception. The Organisation of Ibero-American States, jointly with the European Return Fund, has put in place “one-stop shops” for returnees in Latin American countries. These are intended to facilitate re-integration into the origin country by providing psychosocial, educational and employment services in a single physical location, supported by state and/or private-sector resources.
The Paraguayan immigration law dates back to 1996 and is currently under review, with proposed reforms expected shortly. The Directorate-General for Immigration was reorganized in 2013 and its functions clarified. It is responsible for granting residence, permanent or temporary, to foreign citizens; processing changes of residence status (to permanent) for foreigners who are non-residents or temporary residents and wish to stay on; monitoring the registration and control of entries and departures of nationals and foreigners to and from the country; and managing procedures related to the regularization of irregular immigrants, when appropriate.
Within the framework of the Agreement on Residence for Nationals of States Party to Mercosur and the Agreement on Internal Regularization of Citizens of Mercosur, the government of Paraguay has conducted “regularization days”, offering processing services and delivery of temporary residence cards to foreigners native to Mercosur countries who reside and/or study in Paraguay and are in a situation of irregular stay. The most recent such day was in November 2014.
Recent trends in migrant’s flows and stocks and in labor market outcomes of emigrants
|Migration inflows (foreign nationals)||Persons||Per 1000 inhabitants||Percent change|
|Permanent migration inflows (foreign nationals) by type||Persons||% distribution|
|Temporary migration inflows (foreign nationals) by type||Persons||% distribution|
|Migration outflows (nationals)||Persons||% of total||% change|
|From unstandardised destination country data||2009||2010||2011||2012||2012||2012/2009|
|Asylum seekers and refugees||Per million inhabitants||Number of persons|
|Inflows of asylum seekers||2.0123839009288||3.8033821804242||1.4953581838935||0.44102762376521||1.9380379722529||3|
|Refugees resident in the country||16.56346749226||18.864775614904||19.888263845783||19.993252277356||18.827439807576||136|
|Components of population growth||Per 1000 inhabitants|
|Foreign-born population||Percentage of the total population||Persons||% change|
|Remittances||Millions of dollars||% of GDP||% change|
|Macroeconomic indicators||Annual growth in %||Average annual growth||Level|
|GDP/per capita ((PPP ) in constant 2011 international dollars)||11.1||2.5||-2.9||12.3||5.8413964519953||7833|
|Labour market outcomes of emigrants in Europe and the United States||Percentages|