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Paraguay

Immigration in Paraguay is characterised by a very high percentage of permanent immigrants, over 85% on average from 2008 to 2013. This is about double the percentage one finds on average for countries of the Americas.

Between 2009 and 2012, outflows of Paraguayan emigrants towards OECD member countries and Latin America increased some 30%. Most Paraguayan emigrants went to neighbouring Argentina, which received 92% of them in 2012. Since 2009, the number of Paraguayans who emigrated to Bolivia has increased by more than 250%.

In the period covered by the report, Paraguay has received very few asylum requests.  In the year 2013, only 3 requests were received, and in the previous year, 10 requests were submitted. There were 136 refugees residing in the country in 2013.

The labor market situation of Paraguayans in the United States and Europe has suffered significant changes. While employment decreased by almost 20 percentage points for men, women’s employment saw an increase, albeit small, of almost 2.5 percentage points.

Paraguay received 743 million dollars in remittances in 2013, a figure 12.5% lower than the amount received the previous year.  This is the largest reduction in remittances among Latin American countries since 2012.

With the economic crisis in Europe, many Latin Americans have undertaken to return to their home countries, and Paraguay is no exception. The Organisation of Ibero-American States, jointly with the European Return Fund, has put in place “one-stop shops” for returnees in Latin American countries. These are intended to facilitate re-integration into the origin country by providing psychosocial, educational and employment services in a single physical location, supported by state and/or private-sector resources.  

The Paraguayan immigration law dates back to 1996 and is currently under review, with proposed reforms expected shortly. The Directorate-General for Immigration was reorganized in 2013 and its functions clarified. It is responsible for granting residence, permanent or temporary, to foreign citizens; processing changes of residence status (to permanent) for foreigners who are non-residents or temporary residents and wish to stay on; monitoring the registration and control of entries and departures of nationals and foreigners to and from the country; and managing procedures related to the regularization of irregular immigrants, when appropriate.

Within the framework of the Agreement on Residence for Nationals of States Party to Mercosur and the Agreement on Internal Regularization of Citizens of Mercosur, the government of Paraguay has conducted “regularization days”, offering processing services and delivery of temporary residence cards to foreigners native to Mercosur countries who reside and/or study in Paraguay and are in a situation of irregular stay. The most recent such day was in November 2014.

Recent trends in migrant’s flows and stocks and in labor market outcomes of emigrants

 

Paraguay
Migration inflows (foreign nationals) Persons Per 1000 inhabitants Percent change
  2010 2011 2012 2013 2013 2013/2010
Permanent 5552 6571 9766 5555 0.81663615000526 0.054034582132556
Temporary 303 409 3366 926 0.13613052653553 205.61056105611
Permanent migration inflows (foreign nationals) by type Persons   % distribution      
  2010 2013 2010 2013    
Total 5552 5555 100 100    
Temporary migration inflows (foreign nationals) by type Persons   % distribution      
  2010 2013 2010 2013    
Total 303 926 100 100    
Migration outflows (nationals) Persons       % of total % change
            outflows
From unstandardised destination country data 2009 2010 2011 2012 2012 2012/2009
All countries 102198 88001 123901 133338 100 30.470263605941
Argentina 85251 72375 110703 123238 92.425265115721 44.559008105477
Spain 13397 11907 9775 6001 4.5005924792632 -55.206389490184
United States 1308 1180 1149 1108 0.83097091601794 -15.290519877676
Bolivia 266 397 401 960 0.71997480088197 260.9022556391
Asylum seekers and refugees Per million inhabitants         Number of persons
          Average 2010-2013  
  2010 2011 2012 2013   2013
Inflows of asylum seekers 2.0123839009288 3.8033821804242 1.4953581838935 0.44102762376521 1.9380379722529 3
Refugees resident in the country 16.56346749226 18.864775614904 19.888263845783 19.993252277356 18.827439807576 136
Components of population growth Per 1000 inhabitants          
  1985-1990 1990-1995 1995-2000 2000-2005 2005-2010  
Total 27.52 24.43 21.63 19.7 17.99  
Natural increase 28.322 25.743 23.301 21.271 19.267  
Net migration -0.802 -1.313 -1.671 -1.571 -1.277  
Foreign-born population Percentage of the total population       Persons % change
          (thousands)  
  1990 2000 2010 2013 2013 2013/2010
  4.3140215170456 3.2789103618091 2.8132484359619 2.7310782610869 185.776 -2.920828954336
Remittances Millions of dollars       % of GDP % change
  2010 2011 2012 2013 2013 2013/2010
  723 789 804 743 3.7 2.7662517289073
Macroeconomic indicators Annual growth in %       Average annual growth Level
  2010 2011 2012 2013 2010-2013 2013
Real GDP 13.09300151638 4.3424071936257 -1.2389678459295 14.224603468479 7.6052610831388 -
GDP/per capita ((PPP ) in constant 2011 international dollars) 11.1 2.5 -2.9 12.3 5.8413964519953 7833
Labour market outcomes of emigrants in Europe and the United States Percentages          
  Men   Women   Total  
  2010-11 2012-13 2010-11 2012-13 2010-11 2012-13
Participation rate 90.79935 81.52553 75.98943 82.95989 80.7559 82.5281
Employment rate 75.22369 56.20207 68.72249 71.07708 70.81486 66.59917
Unemployment rate nr 31.06199 nr 14.32357 nr 19.30122